An agriculture research paper synthesizes the findings and opinions of various scholarly studies with the original ideas of the author to present a thorough and academic exploration of a narrowly defined topic in the field of agriculture. Like all reference reports, agriculture reports should seek to contribute new insight to a topic in the field by investigating and analyzing the most relevant and innovative research on that topic. A research paper is not the same as a research study, which reports on a researcher’s own, individually-designed research, but is a presentation of academic materials regarding a specific topic. The research paper is not, however, intended to merely reiterate what previous scholars have said, but present that scholarly research in such a way as to create a dialogue between the texts. In other words, an agriculture report should make connections between a variety of scholarly opinions on a single subject, pointing to similarities, differences, and points deserving further investigation in order to shed new light on a topic.
In order to be both effective and manageable, agriculture reports should have a very narrow subject. To attempt to write a research paper on equine virology, for example, would require a book-length or longer text. In order to contribute to the field meaningfully, select a topic that will allow for detailed research of the valuable contributions to that particular topic. Rather than discussing equine virology, select a specific aspect of equine virology, like a particular method of equine virology study. That way, an applied and consistent effort toward seeking studies related to the topic will allow the researcher to uncover most or all of the related and significant texts regarding the subject.
When writing the project itself, take care to maintain a scientific tone and a professional presentation. The point of agriculture research papers is to critically analyze a particular topic. Therefore, do not wander away from the topic at hand with anecdotes or personal experiences—unless they are directly and significantly related to the subject, they will distract the reader from the true focus of the report and reflect unprofessionalism. When writing about each research study, be sure to explain how that study was carried out so the reader is aware of the validity of the study. Also, take care to compare each study and its findings to other studies mentioned. This connectivity should guide your reader through the similarities and differences of the study so that by the end, he or she is apprised of the data in the field, and of the holes in that research that have yet to be filled.