It is always worth taking a critical look at your own writing before submitting it for assessment. The kinds of
questions that might be useful to ask at that stage are:
What is the balance between descriptive and critical writing?
While a certain amount of description is necessary to set the context for your analysis, the main characteristic
of academic writing is its critical element. A useful way to check this balance in your own writing is to use two
coloured pens and to mark in the margin whether the lines are descriptive or critical. The balance will change
at different points, but you need to make sure there is enough of the colour that represents critical writing.
Why should the reader be convinced by what I’ve just written?
Remember that, just as you are asking ‘Why should I believe what I’ve just read?’, the readers of your work will
be asking the same question of your writing. A critical read through your own writing may reveal gaps in your
logic, which you can rectify before you submit it for the critique of others.
Is my conclusion trailed and supported sufficiently well by my preceding analysis and argument?
Check out the conclusions that you have drawn, then locate and check the supporting evidence you provide
earlier on. This is a good way of making sure you haven’t forgotten to include a crucial piece of evidence. It is
also a way of checking that, when your reader comes to the end of your writing, the conclusions make sense,
rather than being a surprise, or an unconvincing leap of logic.
Have I included any unsubstantiated statements?
Sometimes a generalised, sweeping statement can slip through: the kind of statement that might be
acceptable on conversation, but not in academic writing. There are three main ways of dealing with such
• present the evidence to support the statement
• re-phrase the statement to sound more cautious e.g.: ‘it could be argued …’ or ‘this suggests that …’
• remove the statement.